Aristotle’s Twelve Virtues
1.) In 500 words or more (no less), explain how the doctrine of the mean works for Aristotle’s twelve virtues (not including the intellectual virtues). 2.)Biblio 5 Annotated Bibliography An annotated bibliography is a list of scholarly works that one might use to prepare to write an essay or book. This is not a reference list or works cited attachment that you might include in an essay. Instead, this is a preparatory research document. Its express purpose is to find suitably rigorous, topical, usable articles and books to prepare for the writing of a book or essay. The format is similar to an essay’s reference list, but it differs in several significant ways. ***For this assignment, you must only cite scholarly philosophical works*** The American Psychological Association (APA) created a formal guide for exactly how to format your bibliography so that it is useful to a reader who wants to follow your line of reasoning. This is extremely important in academic work because it shows that you performed your due diligence and proper research before setting pen to paper (or fingers to keyboard as the case may be). Annotations to a bibliography are short summaries of the content of the work. For this assignment, you are specifically showing me that you actually read the article, book chapter, or whatever else by doing these summaries. Each annotation needs to be long enough to convey confidence that you know what’s going on; about 100 words or so should do it. Your bibliography must include 5 citations and their associated annotations. Each combined citation/annotation entry is worth 20 points. These points are based on your proper formatting of the citation, inclusion of all necessary elements, proper selection of a scholarly work, and reasonable and understandable annotation write-up. There are strictly four parts to every bibliographic entry, though each of these can be broken down further. Still, if you remember these four elements, you won’t have much trouble and you will always be pretty close. Author (formatted as last name, first initial, middle initial). Date (formatted as the year of publication set in parenthesis). Title (for title formatting rule, visit this site). Retrieval Information (usually the publishing house or website) If you include all four of these elements, then your citation will almost certainly be close enough the your reader can follow along. For the purpose of this class though, you need to adhere strictly to the APA format guidelines. Follow the link to the Purdue OWL for more information. A few hints for getting started: Start with Wikipedia: you aren’t allowed to use this as one of your bibliographic references, but it is written from a perspective that is sometimes easier to understand. It can also introduce you to philosophical terms that might not make much sense without some explanation. Next, visit the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: you can and should use this as your first bibliographic reference nearly every week. The IEP is more precise and technical than Wikipedia, but still fairly easy to read if you have some background information. Nearly every week will include a reading from the IEP, so this is basically a free entry. Next, visit the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: again, this should be on nearly every bibliography. The SEP is written specifically for philosophers, so it assumes that you are already versed in the technical language of the discipline and know what you are looking for. By this point in your research, you should be able to navigate this fairly easily. Finally, visit Google Scholar, The Philosopher’s Index, PhilPapers, Microsoft Academic, BASE, or Mendeley to search for scholarly articles and books on the subject we are working on. Some of these are available through the Library Resources page, but some may require paid access. If you happen to have access, that’s great, but if not, Google Scholar can fill your needs. Just be careful to only select philosophical texts. You may use Wikipedia as a starting point, but be aware that Wikipedia is not a scholarly source and therefore can never be counted as one of your bibliographic citations.