Chinese Film Industry
write an article on Chinese Film Industry and Transnational Cinema. It needs to be at least 1750 words. This paper focuses on Chinese film history and the transnational cinema.It was in August 1896 that China screened its first film. In the next year, the screening took place in films produced by Edison. In 1898, Edison dispatched photographers to China to shoot some scenes of a documentary titled China Honour Guard. Films were launched in Bejing in January 1902 when films with out of the ordinary titles like Black People Eat Water Melon was screened along with other short comedy movies. The first Chinese film, The Battle of Dingjinshan, was produced in 1905 by Ren Jingfeng and it was adapted from a Bejing opera. The Bejing Grand Theatre was renovated in 1907 so that films can be projected. In the same year the first custom-built cinema, Ping a Movie, was opened and it was financed by foreign investors. It was however believed that 1913 was the year when the Chinese film industry first began to develop with The Difficult Couple produced by Zheng Zhengqiu and Zhang Shichuan. It was a growth of an infant industry but Chinese films were heavily influenced by a foreign culture. During the 1920s, Chinese filmmakers received training from American technicians and so for the next two decades, Americas impact on Chinese films was clearly apparent. The 1920s was an era of political and cultural movements in China. However, the film industry in Shanghai was mostly untouched by such fervent events and was more connected with the then social and economic conditions in the city. Initially, most films were made by educational organizations and the Commercial Press but soon the film industry was taken over by the capitalists. The First World War had a positive impact on the economy of China leading to film companies focusing on big-budget movies. By the mid-1920s, there was emergence of more than 180 film companies and they all concentrated on making movies as the expectation of high returns was immense.