PSY 203 Week 1 Review Worksheet

Description

PSY 203 Week 1 Review Worksheet

 

Complete the Week 1 Review Worksheet.

Matching

 

Match the following descriptions to the correct perspective:

The _______ perspective focuses on how learning experiences affect behavior and focuses on behavior that is observable.

The ______ perspective focuses on the effect of unresolved conflicts from childhood, as well as how those conflicts unconsciously shape behavior.

The ______ perspective focuses on free will, conscious choices, and self-awareness, and views humans as distinct individuals with unique characteristics.

The ______ perspective examines the mental processes used to obtain knowledge and focuses on how information is processed, stored, retrieved, and manipulated.

The ______ perspective focuses on how factors like age, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, and income level influence behavior, attitudes, and mental processes.

 

 

 

Sociocultural

Behavioral

Cognitive

Humanistic

Psychodynamic

 

True or False

 

 

Answer the following questions as either true or false.

 

 

The pancreas creates insulin and regulates blood sugar levels.

The pituitary gland does not release any hormones.

The frontal lobe helps the body cope with stress and promotes muscle development.

Cortical steroids are released by the adrenal glands.

The somatosensory cortex controls motor responses and higher mental functions.

Growth hormone, ACTH, and oxytocin are all released from the same area of the body.

Another name for epinephrine is adrenaline.

The frontal lobe releases norepinephrine that speeds up bodily processes such as heart rate and breathing rate.

 

Multiple Choice

Select the correct answer for each question.

 

 

 

I think I see Bob approaching me from a distance, but as the man gets closer to me, I realize it is not Bob.

Perception: top-down processing

Perception: selective attention

Perception: closure

Sensation: sight or vision

While studying for a test at the library, I hear other people talking and laughing; however, I am able to block out the noise and concentrate on reading my textbook.

Perception: closure

Perception: top-down processing

Sensation: hearing

Perception: selective attention

When I look at a white piece of paper, I can still recognize it as white whether I am outside in bright sunlight or sitting in a dark room.

Sensation: skin senses

Perception: constancy

Perception: connectedness

Perception: closure

I notice my mom is baking bread as I walk into the house to greet her.

Perception: closure

Sensation: sight

Sensation: smell

Sensation: warmth

When I wash my hands, I notice the water feels hot.

Kinesthetic

Vestibular

Perception: constancy

Sensation: skin senses

When I had an infected tooth extracted, the tooth separated from the gums.

Perception: connectedness

Sensation: pressure

Sensation: hearing

Perception: top-down processing

I am able to type this sentence without looking at the keyboard on my computer.

Vestibular

Kinesthetic

Sensation: sight

Perception: selective attention

I experience motion sickness whenever I ride in a boat.

Vestibular

Kinesthetic

Sensation: smell

Sensation: top-down processing

Essay

 

Read the following scenarios.

Write a 90– to 175-word response to the following questions associated with each scenario. Ensure what you are describing is a research method and not a research design.

 

A psychologist is interested in learning more about how children interact with each other during the school day. The psychologist is particularly interested in discovering the ways in which children behave when they think they are not being watched. What research method would be best used to conduct this type of research? Why? What ethical concerns might be an issue in this type of research?

 

As a researcher, I am interested in learning whether there is a connection between sleep and test scores. For example, I want to know if an increase in sleep improves test scores. What type of research method would I use? Why? What ethical concerns might present an issue when conducting this type of research?

 

If I want to research whether a new medication has an effect on depression, and I want to compare the medication against a placebo, what research method might I use? Why? What ethical concerns might be an issue in this type of research?

A researcher gathers information for a study from a popular social media network, but does not ask the participants for their consent to use their information. What are the ramifications of this action? Is it illegal if the information is public? Would an individual whose information was used have recourse if their information was published without their knowledge and consent? Explain.

 

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