Tuberculosis Prevention

Need an research paper on tuberculosis prevention. Needs to be 8 pages. Please no plagiarism. TB has been categorized as one of the serious bacterial infections that pose greater health risks. Initially, the disease targeted the lungs, but research and reported cases in the recent past have revealed the existence of multiple forms of TB. The bacteria can affect the bones, joints, kidneys, and other body organs according to reliable medical research. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Mycobacterium tuberculosis is second only to HIV as the greatest killer worldwide due to a single infectious agent (Madkour 2004, p. 87). The organization estimates that in 2011, 8.7 million people have been diagnosed with TB and 1.8 million have died because of the disease. TB is the leading killer in people living with HIV causing one-quarter of all the deaths. The WHO organization has addressed TB in the following ways. First, it has provided global leadership in matters critical to TB. Secondly, it has developed policies and strategies for TB prevention. Lastly, it has facilitated research ineffective ways of controlling TB.After primary infection, the disease may be latent especially in immunocompetent individuals or may become progressive, especially in immunocompromised children (Rivas-Santiago & Cervantes-Villagrana 2014, p. 163). In latent tuberculosis, the organism is present, but usually without any signs and symptoms or any radiographic or bacteriologic evidence of tuberculosis infection. However, the annual risk of developing the active disease is five to fifteen percent. Lifetime risk increases to approximately fifty percent of HIV co-infected persons. Mycobacterium tuberculosis may also lead to extrapulmonary tuberculosis, which includes infection in the following. bones and joints (pots disease), meninges (meningitis), genital tract, abdomen, pericardium, eye (ocular tuberculosis), adrenal gland (Addison’s disease) and on the skin.Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is the causative agent of tuberculosis. It is a facultative intracellular bacterium. This bacteria is non-motile. It also lacks a capsule and does not form spores. It only grows in the presence of oxygen, therefore referred to as a strict aerobe. It is strongly acid-fast and is rod-shaped. It requires enriched culture media that is egg-based media or agar-based media or broth. Mycobacterium tuberculosis has high lipid content in its cell wall and has a slow generation time. It is spread from person to person through the air (Allman 2007, p. 89).

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